If you have termites infesting your house and you live in the City of Toronto, GTA or other parts of southern Ontario, the termite you have is called the Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar). It is the most widely distributed subterranean termite in North America, which makes it the most economically important termite in North America. In a termite colony there are three basic castes and each has a different job or responsibility. There are reproductives (primary [king and queen] and supplementary [secondary or tertiary]), workers, and soldiers. Termite colonies require a high level of moisture to survive and they will readily relocate due to temperature and other environmental changes.
There are 3 ways a termite colony can establish itself. The first way is through termite swarming where the reproductive or alates fly a very short distance, mate and establish a colony. The second method is called budding in which a colony becomes sufficiently large enough and a small number of worker termites separate from the colony. New secondary reproductives are formed from larvae or nymphs and this forms a new colony. The third way is when wood or soil is transported to a new location. If 15 to 40 nymphs or larvae are present in the transported material, they can moult into secondary reproductive and establish a new colony.
It is very important to note that people who live in a known termite area should never take plants from their garden and transplant them to another garden or yard, as these plants could obviously contain termites. When a house is treated for termites, the foundation walls are protected from termites infesting the structure. Termites will remain in the yard foraging for new food sources. A termite treatment does not include eradicating termites from the soil in the yard; a termite treatment is applied to the structure only.
If you find termites on your property, call our office at 416-469-4111 to book a termite inspection now! We also sell termite monitors at our store at 1828 Danforth Ave.